In early December 1891, Basketball is unique in that it was invented by one person by a canadian bord Dr. James Naismith , He is also minister on the faculty of a college for YMCA professionals which is called today as Springfield College located in Springfield, Massachusetts . This is a vigorous indoor game to which will keep young men occupied during the long New England winters. Some Legend has it that after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums , Dr. James Naismith wrote the basic rules of the games. He then nailed a peach basket onto the ten-foot elevated track.
Then womens basketball began in 1892 at Smith College , a physical education teacher named Senda Berenson modified rules for made by Dr. James Naismith speficically women. The first official basketball game was played in the YMCA gymnasium on January 20 , 1892 with nine players, on a court just half the size of a present-day NBA court. "Basket ball", the name suggested by one of Naismith's students, was popular from the beginning.
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Basketball's early adherents were dispatched to YMCAs throughout the United States, and it quickly spread through the country. By 1896, it was well established at several women's colleges. While the YMCA was responsible for initially developing and spreading the game, within a decade, it discouraged the new sport, as rough play and rowdy crowds began to detract from the YMCA's primary mission. However, other amateur sports clubs, colleges, and professional clubs quickly filled the void. In the years before World War I, the Amateur Athletic Union and the Intercollegiate Athletic Association vied for control over the rules for the game.
The first professional basketball league was formed in 1898; players earned $2.50 for home games, $1.25 for games on the road. Not quite 100 years later, Juwan Howard, a star player for the Washington Bullets (now called the Washington Wizards ), had competing offers of more than $100 million over seven seasons from the Bullets and the Miami Heat.
Many teams in the National Basketball Association now have foreign players , who return home to represent their native countries during the Olympic Games. The so-called Dream Team, made up of the top American professional basketball players, has represented the United States in recent Olympic Games. In 1996 the Dream Team trailed some opponents until fairly late in the games—an indication of basketball's growing international status. In Athens in 2004 Argentina took home the gold, the first time a Latin American country won the basketball honor.
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